Reign 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901
Reign 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901



Quick Facts
Reign: 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901
Coronation: 28 June 1838
Predecessor: WilliamIV
Successor: Edward VII
Full name: Alexandrina Victoria
House: House of Hanover
Father:
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Mother:
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Born:
24 May 1819 (1819-05-24) Kensington Palace, London
Died: 22 January 1901 (1901-01-23) (aged 81) Osborne House, Isle of Wight
Burial:
2 February 1901 Frogmore, Windsor

Background Information
She was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India of the British Raj from 1 May 1876, until her death. Her reign as the Queen lasted 63 years and 7 months, longer than that of any other British monarch before or since. The period centered on her reign is known as the Victorian era, a time of industrial, political, scientific and military progress within the United Kingdom
.

Though Victoria ascended the
throne at a time when the United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy in which the king or queen held few political powers and exercised influence by the prime minister's advice, she still served as a very important symbolic figure of her time. Victoria's reign was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire; during this period it reached its zenith, becoming the foremost global power of the time.

Victoria became heiress-apparent of the British crown on the death of her Uncle George IV, and when her Uncle William IV died childless in 1837, she became Queen of Great Britain. She was crowned the next year. She tested the limits of her royal powers when the government of Lord Melbourne, the Whig who had been her mentor, fell the next year. She refused to follow precedent and dismiss her ladies of the bedchamber so that the Tory government could replace them. Her refusal brought back the Whigs until 1841.

When Victoria was 8 months old her father died and leaving her mother in financial difficulty and at the mercy of her brother, Leopold, King of Belgium. When Victoria turned 17 she met her cousins (Ernest and Albert) for the first time. When Victoria turned 18 she was crowned Queen of the United Kingdom. Years later her cousins made another visit to Victoria. Albert and Victoria fell in love, On February 10, in 1840 they got married. They welcomed their first child (Victoria) in November that year, their second child in 1841, Albert Edward who would be Prince of Wales. Then followed Edward VII, Alice in 1843.Alfred in 1844, Helena in 1846, Louise in 1848, Arthur in 1850, Leopold in 1853 and then Beatrice in 1857 Albert, her husband died in 1861 after having a long illness and Victoria went into mourning for the rest of her life.


Victoria was only 18 when she became Queen by default. She was very young and inexperienced. She had had a very sheltered upbringing because her mother was overprotective and isolated her from other children. She was also not allowed to read any books or meet people who could possibly be a bad influence on her. She had to follow very strict rules and protocols and wasn’t allowed to walk down the stairs alone or even sleep in her own bedroom. Before Victoria turned 18 she was bossed around by her mother and her companion, Sir John Conroy but when she became Queen she basically pushed them out of her life. Unfortunately Lord Melbourne who was Prime Minister at the time took Victoria under his wing and became her advisor.
His advice often made her unpopular with the people and only helped himself. For a short time she lost the favour of the people and they even rioted outside her castle. She had to learn to listen her to her own conscience.


The power that Victoria had was: Social, Knowledge and Political.

As a Queen Victoria had to be able to listen and talk to a wide range of people. She also had to attend important functions and meetings so she had to know how to act appropriately. She had to have knowledge about her responsibilities of being Queen and how to run her country as well as interact with other countries so there wouldn’t be wars. If the country was ever in need she had to be able to call on her allies for help. She had to know how her country was run by the government and what the laws were. Her power was more symbolic than political because the prime minister made most of the decisions for the country. Victoria was more of a figure head and had an emphasis on morality and family values which she had to then model to her people.

Did she use her power for good or evil?

Victoria was a good person and she was definitely using her power for good. She wanted to help the homeless and the poor. She also wanted to improve the health and education system.


Would i like to have the power?

Evey girls dream of being a Princess when they are little, but it is not until you get older that you realize all of the responsibilities that come with the role of being princess and queen. I think that while it would nice to be Queen and to have the power that she had, but I wouldn’t be able to do a very good job of it because I don’t belive have the faith in myself. I don’t think that I could cope with the pressure of the role and that some of my decisions or my inability to fix problems might make people hate me.